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A paper titled “The Effects of Sedentary Behaviour on Patients with Peripheral Arterial Disease: A systematic review” was recently published in Preventative Medicine Reports. A summary of the article and citation details are re-posted below. The full article can be found here.
Sedentary behavior has recently emerged as a risk factor for cardiometabolic diseases. The objective of this review was to assess the relationship between sedentary behavior and peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines, we performed an electronic search across databases including Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Embase, MEDLINE (Ovid), CINHAL and PubMed to identify studies focusing on sedentary behavior and PAD. A total of 678 records fulfilled eligibility; 166 duplicates were removed, 487 were excluded at the title and abstract level and 15 studies were excluded at the full article level. Thus, our review comprised 10 studies of 20,064 patients with mean age 67.4 years. The average sedentary time was 544.9 minutes/day. The current review findings indicate that patients with PAD exhibited prolonged periods of sedentary behavior. Furthermore, sedentary behavior among patients with PAD was associated with lower survival rates. The included studies also reported varied outcomes regarding walking distance with some showing an association between reduced sedentary behavior and increased total walking distance. A randomized controlled trial in this review highlighted that reducing sedentary time among patients with PAD improved walking distance. Therefore, the connection between sedentary behavior and PAD seems to be bidirectional. Sedentary time could contribute to PAD development, and PAD-related symptoms may lead to prolonged sedentary behavior. A call for research investigating the link between PAD and sedentary time. Additionally, intervention studies are needed to target the reduction of sedentary time in patients with PAD.
Said, M., Ghoneim, B., Jones, J., Tawfick, W. (2023). The Effects of Sedentary Behaviour on Patients with Peripheral Arterial Disease: A systematic review. Preventative Medicine Reports, 102424. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2023.102424
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