Clustering of Physical Activity, Diet and Sedentary Behavior among Youth from Low-, Middle-, and High-Income Countries: A Scoping Review

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A paper titled “Clustering of Physical Activity, Diet and Sedentary Behavior among Youth from Low-, Middle-, and High-Income Countries: A Scoping Review” has recently been published in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. The full publication is available here. The summary of the paper and citation details are re-posted below.

ABSTRACT

Background: The interaction between physical activity (PA), diet, and sedentary behavior (SB) plays an important role on health-related outcomes. This scoping review (Prospero CRD42018094826) aims to identify and appraise clusters of PA, diet, and SB among youth (0–19 years) according to country income.

Methods: Five databases were searched. Fifty-seven articles met the inclusion criteria.

Results: Fifty-five cluster types were identified, with greater variety in high-income than lower income countries. The most prevalent profiles were “High SB and consumption of sugar, salt, and beverages (SSB)” (n = 17) and “High PA” (n = 13–5), both of which presented in all income countries. The healthiest profile, “High PA and fruit and vegetables (F&V); Low SB and SSB” (n = 12), was present in upper-middle and high-income countries, while the unhealthiest “Low PA and F&V; High SB and SSB” (n = 6) was present only in high-income countries.

Conclusions: High SB and unhealthy diet (SSB) were more prevalent in clusters, mainly in high-income countries. The results support the need for multi-component actions targeting more than one behavior at the same time

CITATION 

Mello, G.T.d.; Lopes, M.V.V.; Minatto, G.; Costa, R.M.d.; Matias, T.S.; Guerra, P.H.; Filho, V.C.B.; Silva, K.S. Clustering of Physical Activity, Diet and Sedentary Behavior among Youth from Low-, Middle-, and High-Income Countries: A Scoping Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 202118, 10924. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010924

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