Subtypes of major depressive disorders and objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behaviors in the community

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A paper titled “Subtypes of major depressive disorders and objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behaviors in the community” was recently published in Comprehensive Psychiatry. A summary of the article and citation details are re-posted below. The full article can be found here.

ABSTRACT

Background
Lack of physical activity (PA) and high sedentary behavior (SB) may enhance mental health problems, including depression, and are associated with increased mortality. Aside from a large body of research on major depressive disorder (MDD) assessed as an entity and either PA or SB, few studies have examined associations among subtypes of MDD and both PA and SB simultaneously derived from wrist-worn accelerometers. Accordingly, our aim was to explore the associations among MDD subtypes (atypical, melancholic, combined atypical-melancholic and unspecified) and four actigraphy-derived behaviors combining the levels of PA and SB.

Methods
The sample stemmed from CoLaus|PsyCoLaus, a population-based cohort study, consisting of 2375 participants (55.1% women; mean age: 62.4 years) who wore an accelorometer for 14 days after a physical exam and subsequently completed a semi-structured psychiatric interview. Activity behaviors were defined according to the combination of the levels of moderate-to-vigorous intensity PA and SB. Associations of remitted MDD subtypes, current MDD and physical inactivity behaviors were assessed using multinomial logistic regression, adjusted for socio-demographic characteristics, a history of anxiety, alcohol and drug use disorders and cardiovascular risk factors.

Results
In the fully adjusted model, participants with the remitted combined atypical-melancholic subtype had a higher risk of being more physically inactive.

Conclusions
Our findings suggest that low PA and high SB are not restricted to the duration of depressive episodes in people with atypical and melancholic episodes. The lack of PA and high SB in this group of depressive patients exposes them to an additional long-term cardiovascular risk and measures to increase PA may be particularly fruitful in this MDD subgroup.

CITATION

Rovero, M., Preisig, M., Marques-Vidal, P., c, Strippoli, M.P.H., Vollenweider, P., Vaucher, J., Berney, A., Merikangas, K.R., Vandeleur, C.L., & Glaus, J. (2023). Subtypes of major depressive disorders and objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behaviors in the community. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 152442. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2023.152442

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